VARANASI Home

India Fact


India or Bharath is the Destination of the Millennium, a land of all seasons where beauty beckons, culture echoes, diversity delights and tradition talks. Those who reach India are greeted with a gracious Namasthe, Namaskaaram, Vanakkam or SatSriAkal denoting warmth, hospitality and respect - a tradition in tune with the country's age-old motto "Athidhi Devo Bhava" where the guest is treated as God.

Blessed with mist clad mountain ranges, deep blue seas, enigmatic deserts, golden beaches, emerald green valleys, palm fringed backwaters on the one hand and unique art forms, exciting fairs and festivals, interesting pilgrim centres, exclusive heritage sites, royal forts, majestic monuments, architectural marvels and exotic flora and fauna on the other, this legendary land is unique in all aspects - it is no wonder that India has emerged as one among the Top Five Tourist Hotspots of the world, with a tremendous increase in tourist traffic all through the year.

India is a relatively newly independent nation with great diversity within its borders. It is an extremely populous and quite large country. The following are some basic facts about India as a nation.

Border countries : Bangladesh Bhutan Burma China Nepal Pakistan.

Religion: There are several religious groups found in India and religion plays an important factor in many Indians’ daily lives. Most people in India are Hindu, but other groups include :
Muslims, Sikhs, Buddhists, Christians, Jains, Parsis, Jews.

Language : Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit.

Area : Land - 2,973,190 sq km, Water - 314,400 sq km.

States & Territories : There are 28 states and 7 union territories that make up the country of India: The states include: Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Currency: Indian rupee.

Telephone Country Code : +91

National Days : 26th January (Republic Day), 15th August (Independence Day), 2nd October (Gandhi Jayanti; Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday).